Aspects of misogyny in ancient Greek literature

by James Roger Endicott

Publisher: University of Birmingham in Birmingham

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 687
Share This

Edition Notes

Thesis (M.Phil) - University of Birmingham, Department of Classics, School of Humanities, Faculty of Arts.

Statementby James Roger Endicott.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17568832M

Concentrating on those aspects of women's experience most often misunderstood--life apart from men, marriage, influence in politics, self-sacrifice and martyrdom, and misogyny--she presented a far less negative account of the role of Greek women, both ordinary and extraordinary, as manifested in the central works of Greek literature.   THINK OF Rome’s debt to ancient Greek culture, literature, religion and law. a quarter of the city-state’s population were slaves and because of rampant misogyny.   What is misogyny? Misogyny is defined as hatred of, aversion to, or prejudice against word stems from the Ancient Greek, with philosophers documenting using the .   Ancient Greece, the birthplace of democracy, was the source of some of the greatest literature, architecture, science and philosophy in Western civilization, and home to .

Ancient Greece gave the world its fair share of philosophers, orators, and poets, but contemporary Greek literature doesn’t receive as much exposure abroad as it should. If you are looking for an introduction to the latter, the following is a sampling of Greek books published within the last five years – now translated into English.   The quarrel erupted in print in when America's premier classical publication, the American Journal of Philology (a love of words and literature; it comes from the Greek words philein and. Misogyny in Greek literature Misogyny in Greek literature. Misogyny comes into English from the ancient Greek word, misogunia, which survives in two earlier, longer and more complete passage comes from a stoic philosopher called Antipater of Tarsus in . “ A chilling account of trolling, misogyny, racism, and bad history proliferated online by the Alt-Right, bolstered by the apparent authority of Greek and Latin Classics. Zuckerberg makes a persuasive case for why we need a new, more critical, and less comfortable relationship between the ancient and modern worlds in this important and very.

These theories address four general aspects of misogyny: First, feminist theory describes how misogyny justifies and maintains women’s subjugation or domination by men. Second, feminism explains the ways in which misogyny, sexism, heterosexism, and racism are interrelated and reflect the dominant values in society.   “A chilling account of trolling, misogyny, racism, and bad history proliferated online by the Alt-Right, bolstered by the apparent authority of Greek and Latin Classics. Zuckerberg makes a persuasive case for why we need a new, more critical, and less comfortable relationship between the ancient and modern worlds in this important and very.

Aspects of misogyny in ancient Greek literature by James Roger Endicott Download PDF EPUB FB2

In the work of the Greek poet Hipponax of Ephesus, however, misogyny reaches heights unequaled in any other writing. Hipponax (c. BCE) is known as a satirist with a “malicious disposition” but, if his work on women is supposed to be in any way funny, it misses the mark completely.

Misogyny comes into English from the ancient Greek word, misogunia, which survives in two earlier, longer and more complete passage comes from a stoic philosopher called Antipater of Tarsus in a moral tract known as On Marriage (c. BC). Antipater argues that marriage is the foundation of the state, and considers it to be based on divine (polytheistic) decree.

The classicist Mary Beard opens her book “Women & Power Tracing the roots of misogyny to ancient Greece and Rome with Mary Beard one lesson from studying classical literature Author: Kate Tuttle. The subject of women in antiquity is a fascinating, but admittedly difficult pursuit.

Women’s voices in ancient times were largely ignored or silenced in literature, historical narratives, philosophical discourse, and political life. Since pursuits in the philosophical realm were predominantly viewed as the domain of elite men, women, slaves, and other minorities are often left.

While compiling this list of 50 classical mythology retellings, I found a link connecting many of the modern retellings– a link that will be obvious if you’ve read Margaret Atwood’s Penelopiad or Madeline Miller’s Circe: “At the very dawn of religion, God was a you remember?” from Merlin Stone’s When God Was a Woman.

Modern women are retelling classic tales through the Author: Sarah Ullery. In literature Ancient Greek literature. Classics professor Froma Zeitlin of Princeton University discussed misandry in her article titled "Patterns of Gender in Aeschylean Drama: Seven against Thebes and the Danaid Trilogy".

She writes: The most significant point of contact, however, between Eteocles and the suppliant Danaids is, in fact, their extreme positions with regard to the opposite sex. In Misogyny: The World's Oldest Prejudice, Jack Holland argues that there is evidence of misogyny in the mythology of the ancient world.

In Greek mythology according to Hesiod, the human race had already experienced a peaceful, autonomous existence as a. Ancient Greek elite women were a necessary evil, filled with undesirable characteristics necessitating their complete and utter domination. Oeconomicus, as well as the educational aspects of Hesiod’s and Homer’s epic poetry, were used to strictly enforce the seclusion of elite women in Classical Greece, rather than acknowledge their.

The 10 ancient classics every student should read A rarely performed Greek Tragedy that deals with topic of misogyny, guilt, and the bonds within families. It is true that Ancient Greek.

THE NOSOI were the personified spirits (daimones) of plague, sickness and were numbered amongst the evil spirits which escaped from Pandora's jar. The Keres were also sometimes portrayed as personifications of deadly disease. In most Homeric literature, however, the arrows of Apollon and Artemis were the bringers of plague and sickness rather than bands of daimones.

Women appear not to have been highly regarded in ancient Greece, with female infanticide a common practice. Strains of misogyny can be heard in Greek literature, drama and philosophy: 'The most unintelligent people in the world' is how one character refers to women in Plato's Symposium (which also features Diotima, his best-known female sage).

He recognizes the misogyny in the canonical texts of ancient Greek culture and demonstrates how woman-hating was expressed by the female characters in these texts.

So why do I feel that his Helen is the most offensive and infuriating book I have read in a long time. For one thing, Meagher exploits not only Helen but feminist theory. Ancient Greek literature is literature written in the Ancient Greek language from the earliest texts until the time of the Byzantine earliest surviving works of ancient Greek literature, dating back to the early Archaic period, are the two epic poems The Iliad and The Odyssey, set in an idealized archaic past today identified as having some relation to the Mycenaean era.

Two other of my favorite chapters were the second chapter, on ancient Rome, and Chapter 5 which is titled "O Brave New World: Literature, Misogyny and the Rise of Modernity." I feel the author did a wonderful job in selecting the literature to discuss in that chapter, and I particularly liked the part of the chapter on William s:   Book of the day History books Pandora's Jar by Natalie Haynes review – ancient misogyny The writer and broadcaster rescues the reputation of the women demonised in classical literature in this.

Etymology Misandry is formed from the Greek misos (μῖσος, "hatred") and anēr, andros (ἀνήρ, gen. ἀνδρός; "man"). Use of the word can be found as far back as the nineteenth century, including an use in The Spectator magazine.

It appeared in Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary (11th ed.) in Translation of the French "Misandrie" to the German "Männerhass. Misogyny based on popular Islam (Gaffney, ) has been a known phenomenon in Bangladesh, although misogyny has been existing on this land long before Islam came (Hashmi, ).

This is from the first chapter of Susan Moller Okin’s landmark study, Women in Western Political Thought, an examination of how male-dominated political philosophy has been shaped, in part, by the fact that women’s political status and women’s concerns in social life, have been systematically shoved to the margins of political theory.

Plato and the Greek Tradition of Misogyny. Misogyny is evident not only in Christianity, but also in Islam. Chapter 4, Line 34 of the Quran instructs a husband to beat his rebellious wife until she obeys his commands. Explicit directions of brutality implies the desire to keep women contained, like objects, and thus encourages hatred towards the gender.

Misogyny, therefore, has various. Other articles where Ancient Greek literature is discussed: Greek literature: Ancient Greek literature: Of the literature of ancient Greece only a relatively small proportion survives.

Yet it remains important, not only because much of it is of supreme quality but also because until the midth century the greater part of the literature of the Western. Women appear not to have been highly regarded in ancient Greece, with female infanticide a common practice. Strains of misogyny can be heard in Greek literature, drama and philosophy: ‘The most unintelligent people in the world’ is how one character refers to women in Plato's Symposium (which also features Diotima, his best-known female sage).

Her books include Seek to See Him: Ascent and Vision Mysticism in the Gospel of Thomas (); Voices of the Mystics: Early Christian Discourse in the Gospels of John and Thomas and Other Ancient Christian Literature (); Recovering the Original Gospel of Thomas: A History of the Gospel and Its Growth (T & T Clark, ); and The Original.

Concentrating on those aspects of women's experience most often misunderstood -- women's life apart from men, marriage, influence in politics, self-sacrifice and martyrdom, misogyny -- she presents a far less negative account of the role of Greek women, both ordinary and extraordinary, as manifested in the central works of Greek literature.

The cross-referencing with lines from other Greek literature is exhaustive and complete; much of the cross-referencing to different articles and works by modern authors impresses as well, with one caveat below.

Depending on which kind of an Oresteia scholar you are, you may become frustrated with this s: Misogyny: The World’s Oldest Prejudice by Jack Holland “Misogyny” is a powerful and riveting book about the cruel and crude history of misogyny. The late Jack Holland delivers an important book, an eye-opening book that at times is very uncomfortable to read but the knowledge is appreciated/5().

A fair and researched series of essays about the roles of women in ancient Greek society, with ideals gleaned from Greek myth. I enjoyed how the book aims to show that the “traditional” roles women were confined to in the ancient world were neither dishonourable or as /5(11).

Concentrating on those aspects of women\'s experience most often misunderstood -- women\'s life apart from men, marriage, influence in politics, self-sacrifice and martyrdom, misogyny -- she presents a far less negative account of the role of Greek women, both ordinary and extraordinary, as manifested in the central works of Greek literature.

of ancient medical theory generated the notions of race and sex as biological essences, and invented also, and also with reference to ancient Greece, a theory of sexual degen-eracy. This section concludes with a discussion of the current debate in the scholarly literature of the nature of sexuality, and in particular, of homosexuality, in Greek.

ABOVE: Laocoön and His Sons, a sculpture group by the Greek sculptors Agesandros, Athenodoros, and Polydoros #8. Many important discoveries and ideas in mathematics. The ancient Greeks did not “invent” mathematics; mathematics existed as a discipline long before the Greeks and it had already been studied to some extent for practical purposes by the Sumerians, Akkadians.

The term “misogyny” is derived from the Ancient Greek word “mīsoguníā” which means hatred towards women. Misogyny has taken shape in multiple forms such as male privilege, patriarchy, gender discrimination, sexual harassment, belittling of women, violence.

It should come to no surprise that in ancient Greek literature men and women had different levels of power based on their gender.

In particular, women in both literature and cultures have had little to no agency throughout history. In Homers Odyssey we see themes of oppressing women by taking away their control to act and think freely.Marcus Tullius Cicero reports that Greek philosophers considered misogyny to be caused by gynophobia, a fear of women created by factobot on Decem Eve rides astride the Serpent on a capital in Laach Abbey church, 13th century.The medieval culture was always characterized by Misogyny, however in the late middle epoch; the issue became viral and more powerful.

According to scholars, this was a result of the various factors that distinguished the fourteenth century including war, plague, revolt and class division.